Multi Para Monitoring


In medicine, monitoring is the observation of a disease, condition or one or several medical parameters over time.

Monitoring of vital parameters can include several of the ones, and most commonly include blood pressure and heart rate, and preferably also pulse oximetry and respiratory rate. Multimodal monitors that simultaneously measure and display the relevant vital parameters are commonly integrated into the bedside monitors in critical care units, and the anesthetic machines in operating rooms. These allow for continuous monitoring of a patient, with medical staff being continuously informed of the changes in general condition of a patient.

Various parameter includes.

  • Cardiac monitoring, which generally refers to continuous electrocardiography with assessment of the patients condition relative to their cardiac rhythm.
  • Hemodynamic monitoring, which monitors the blood pressure and blood flow within the circulatory system. Blood pressure can be measured either invasively through an inserted blood pressure transducer assembly, or noninvasively with an inflatable blood pressure cuff.
  • Respiratory monitoring, such as:
    • Pulse oximetry which involves measurement of the saturated percentage of oxygen in the blood, referred to as SpO2, and measured by an infrared finger cuff
    • Capnography, which involves CO2 measurements, referred to as EtCO2 or end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration. The respiratory rate monitored as such is called AWRR or airway respiratory rate)
    • Respiratory rate monitoring through an ECG channel or via capnography
  • Body temperature monitoring through an adhesive pad containing a thermoelectric transducer.

Multipara monitors are available in all Intensive Care Units in JSS Hospital and also in all the operation theatres ,in CT scan room, and post operative wards , and portable pulse oximeters in wards . so this enables us to effectively monitor the patient inside the hospital and improves the patient safety and helps to identify any deterioration of the patient early and manage the patient effectively.